What you need to have handy at all times in case of emergency involving your dog. Here are my essentials for what need to go in a first aid kit
Antiseptic;. Dettol, T.C.P. or similar mild antiseptic are a must for a first aid kit for dogs and are excellent for general purposes but
Cetavlon is less stringent for bathing cuts and wounds. It is a wise precaution to wipe over the feet and head of a dog at a show with either T.C.P. or Dettol, particularly at indoor shows where infection is so easily picked up.
Boracic powder. A good general stand-by, used dry or as a lotion.
Canker powder. This is essential in a first aid kit for dogs for any sign of ear problems and should be used regularly if there is any sign of canker, but the occasional dusting is usually sufficient to keep the ears in perfect condition.
Clinical thermometer. This is a most necessary adjunct to any medicine chest or first aid kit. It is best to buy one marked thirty seconds as it requires a shorter time to register. First of all see that the mercury is shaken down to read below about 35Â°C(98Â°F). Carefully insert the thermometer into the rectum. On no account should it be forced; a little liquid paraffin smeared on to it will help. Leave the thermometer in place for half a minute and then withdraw and wipe clean with some cotton wool. The normal temperature of a dog varies slightly in different individuals as with human beings but it should be about 38.6Â°C(101.5Â°F). Variations in the same dog do occur for no apparent reason, but anything above 38.9Â°C(1029F) should be regarded as a fever.
After use remember to shake the mercury down and clean and disinfect the thermometer thoroughly before returning it to its case.
Flea treatement. For use against all external parasites. Insect repellant collars or strips are an alternative. The collar is suitable for adult dogs and if the instructions issued with it are followed it is most effective. It need only be worn at night. A Vapona strip placed in the kennel will insure against any parasites, but I would not recommend its use where there are puppies, or if the kennel is a very small one, as the vapour may be a bit overpowering for the dog unless there is good ventilation.
Kaolin powder. This is useful to have in your first aid kit and can be sprinkled alternatively be mixed up with some milk, but if the puppies are off their food more drastic measures must be taken, and I always keep a supply of tablets for this purpose, so that if a puppy has diarrhoea and is off his food he can be dosed at once.
Puppies can have diarrhoea for many reasons such as change of diet, too much food or too rich a diet, as well as the more serious disorders which can arise. Prompt action can avoid a lot of trouble and the puppy can be back on his food and fully recovered the next day. Like children they can go up and down very quickly but if neglected serious conditions can result.
Liquid paraffin. This is a very cheap but necessary item for your first aid kit. Used as an occasional laxative, e.g. at whelping time or if a dog becomes constipated through eating too many bones. Frequent or excessive doses should be avoided.
Milk of magnesia. For all digestive troubles, and can be given to a bitch after whelping should her milk for any reason be too acid.
Lubricating eye ointment. Obtained from your vet, and if kept cool is always useful in a first aid kit just in case of eve trouble. Inflammation caused by a foreign body or damage to the cornea can be relieved and rapidly cured by the application of a little ointment night and morning. A damaged cornea can he serious if neglected, whereas it can be healed within two or three days if treated at once.
Hibiscrub solution I find this invaluable at the first sign of a patch of wet eczema. Dilute in warm water, using about a dessertspoonful to half a pint of water. Bathe the affected part and if necessary cut off the surrounding hair so that the air can penetrate. Dry thoroughly and dust with boracic powder or dress with calamine lotion. Repeat three times a day, which will prevent the eczema from spreading and will dry it up surprisingly quickly. If neglected this type of eczema can spread alarmingly and professional help will then he necessary.
Travel sickness pills. There are several kinds which can be obtained either from your veterinary surgeon or from a chemist. If a dog is a had traveller this is usually due to nerves, and once he finds that he can travel without being sick he will get over the trouble completely.
Witch hazel or calamine lotion. This is useful if the skin is irritated and the dog is making things worse by scratching, but more specific treatment may also be needed.
Worming tablets. For round worms in puppies I like to use drontal, but there are many proprietary makes of worm medicine. drontal tablets can be obtained from your veterinary surgeon and an adequate supply of these or other tablets should always be kept in hand. They are administered by giving one tablet for every ten pounds body weight, and repeating the dose ten days later.
When you are dosing an adult dog for worms seek your vet’s advice, particularly if it is for a hitch after she has been mated. No matter what brand of medicine you are using, it is important to give the correct dose to suit the size of the dog it is prescribed for and the dog must be accurately weighed.
Yeast or yeast tablets. Both brewer’s yeast and yeast tablets are a great tonic and a quick pick me up if the dog is out of sorts, but they should not be continued indefinitely.
First Aid kit List
- Clinical thermometer.
- Flea treatement.
- Kaolin powder.
- Liquid paraffin.
- Milk of magnesia.
- Lubricating eye ointment.
- Hibiscrub solution
- Travel sickness pills.
- Witch hazel or calamine lotion.
- Worming tablets.
- Yeast or yeast tablets.