There are three important occasions in the life of every man. The first is when he brings a wife into the home; the second is when he has children. The Third is when they acquire a dog. It is to be hoped that the family unit and the dog will accept one another with grace and true affection to form a trinity, a partnership mutually agreeable to all parties.
Taking a dog into the house, whatever the domestic situation, is indeed a serious step and one that nobody, man or woman, should take without very serious consideration. Once the decision to do so has been taken, the dog must be accepted as a member of the family, to receive and return affection while its life shall last. To the uninitiated this may appear to be a sentimental or even an unhealthy way of regarding a four-legged member of a human household, but all of us who have owned and loved dogs over a period of many years will agree that sentiment is quite unavoidable in one’s relationship with a dog just as it is in one’s relationship with the other members of the family.
Only a veterinary surgeon in constant touch with numerous households, their owners, their children and their dogs, can fully understand how vital a part the dog plays in the family life and what a gap is manifest whenever through accident or illness the dog is taken from them. More people take time of work to grief for a pet then for a close family member.
Those to whom the presence or the absence of a dog means little or nothing should never contemplate taking one into the home. An unfortunate fact, too, is that in favourable circumstances the life of a dog seldom averages more than a dozen years while its owner may reasonably hope to attain three score and ten. The consequence is that the confirmed dog lover may experience as many as six heartbreaks. Against this, one must take into consideration the years one may enjoy and share with When circumstances permit, it is better always to own two dogs. One is company for the other, and if there happens to be some disparity in their respective ages it is less likely that you will be left entirely without a dog in the home, and that you will be able to replace the departed with another dog, younger than the one left behind.
In many respects dogs resemble children. Both start very much in the same way, but how they develop depends greatly upon the manner in which they are brought up and how they are taught to behave. Parents are usually responsible for their child’s manners and the owner for those of his dog, provided that he has owned it from puppyhood. How it was treated between the 1st and 16th weeks of its life will be reflected in its behaviour thereafter.
It is always wise to acquire a puppy at about eight weeks of age, when first it is removed from its mother, and for the next two or three months its training as far as possible should be undertaken by one person, preferably by the one who will be most closely associated with its daily life and routine. You must be firm, kind and very patient, and also quite certain what you want the puppy to do and how to communicate this to the puppy mind. If the puppy prefers its natural behaviour to that more generally approved by human society, it will be patience and persistence that will win the day, whether it is that of the pupil or the teacher.
Puppies do not learn through punishment as children are supposed to do, since children are better able to distinguish between what their elders consider right and wrong, and they have a better understanding of cause and effect. As a puppy cannot talk or understand (as yet) the meaning of words and human expression, a puppy does not know what one wants it to do, or why it is punished for doing something which, to the mind of the puppy, is perfectly natural.
As soon as it is fixed in its mind that soiling the drawing room carpet is wrong by human standards and that it must make an effort to get out into the garden when nature calls, it will show some willingness to co-operate.
If it now really knows what is expected from it in the way of behaviour and flatly refuses to comply, either from laziness or lack of respect for the dictates of humanity, a mild reproof is justifiable, and very soon the puppy will begin to learn that disobedience brings retribution.
The need to instil into the puppy mind just what it is that its owner desires it to do, applies as much in the drawing room as in the field, the showring, or even in the circus. Once get it into the dog’s mind what is required of it and usually it will be quite willing to play the part provided always that it is asked to do something it likes to do, feels under some obligation to obey, or regards the whole performance as some kind of a game. Most dogs are very appreciative of applause, just as they hate ridicule, and they will act a part over and over again in the circus so long as the audience will continue to clap and cheer.
They also appreciate some small reward for good behaviour. It may be a sweet or a meaty tit-bit. A puppy or a dog can be persuaded to do most things it is capable of doing if this recipe is adopted :
Cut a small piece of liver into thin slices and fry them lightly in butter. Take them out of the pan while hot and let them cool on a plate.( It does smell) Cut the cold liver into small dice, and carry some in the pocket, contained in a purse or a plastic bag.You can also buy freeze dried liver treats that work just as well.
Practically all dogs are susceptible to bribery and will answer the call of anyone willing to provide small pieces of delectable liver in return for services rendered. The same dog would give a wide berth to any person who attempted to train it whip-in-hand.
It is fatal to scold a dog that runs away, and to chase after it. It is equally so to scold or whip it when it is caught. The right thing to do, especially when armed with the bag of liver, is to turn round and walk away in the opposite direction.
Finding itself deserted the puppy will alter course and begin to follow. This is the moment to produce the liver, and having enticed it to hand give it several pieces as a reward. Always train a puppy on an empty stomach and feed it after the lesson is over. Be patient at all times, and never lose your temper or raise your voice, except when in response to wilful disobedience but even not then, if you can avoid it.
Always keep a light, round collar on your dog, fitted with name, address and phone number, for the dog that is run over is very frequently one that slipped out when somebody came to the door. Teach your dog to walk on the lead always on the pavement, except at authorised crossing places. Never let it off the lead in public places even at night when traffic is almost absent. A great many dogs coming into the veterinary surgery at night are brought from quiet roads. The usual explanation is: ‘A car came suddenly round the corner. I’ve never seen a car there at night before!’
Bring your dog up not to be a nuisance by jumping up to callers and persons who speak to you in shops or on the pavement. If the dog is one that demands attention, teach it to sit in begging position rather than jump up and paw people’s clothes with dirty feet.
Never feed it at table while you are having your own meal. If it makes you uncomfortable to eat without giving the dog a share, let it have something in a separate dish, that and no more.
All dogs love to have a chair of their own, which is far better than letting them occupy every chair in the house and leave them coated in short hairs, if your dog has that kind of coat. Label the back of the chair legibly with the dog’s name. The dog cannot read, but visitors can and will not plump themselves down in the chair and rise covered with hairs. Most dogs prefer to sleep in the chair at night rather than in a basket. If so, drop a piece of blanket over your dog before you retire for the night, except in summer. Do this after turning off the electric fire or putting a guard in front of an open grate. Never leave a coal fire open. The dog may jump out of bed with a piece of blanket still over its back. Many fires have started in this way. Dogs have also been frequently known to chew electric leads when bored by being left alone. This can be fatal, as well as another possible cause of fire.
Never throw stones for your dog to chase and possibly retrieve, or sooner or later it will swallow one, and probably need an operation. This also applies to rubber balls, which when punctured sometimes collapse and are swallowed. Rubber bones and many doggy toys are equally dangerous.
If you feed bones to your dog let them be large marrow bones, uncooked. Never on any account give it chop bones or bones from poultry. Feed your dog its main meal at night and half an hour later take it for its walk. There is a close relationship between feeding time and bowel movement and the latter is most frequent soon after a good meal. Always leave a basin of water where it can be found at all times and do not forget to empty and wash out the basin daily.
You may find that having to buy and cook meat, groom the dog, and give it a fortnightly bath, exercise it three times daily and use the vacuum cleaner every day to get the short hairs out of the carpet, if you own a dog with this kind of coat, takes up a good deal of your time, but if you are a true dog lover you may grumble occasionally but you will put up with the inconvenience and labour. The exercise you get in this way, plus that you take on the owner’s end of the lead, will keep you slim and healthy. If you do not want to keep slim and healthy you can keep a cat or a budgie instead, but preferably not both.
If you need help with finding a name for your new puppy these sites might help
For your new female dog femaledognames.net
For your new male dog maledognames.net